Originally trained as a classical cellist, Swedish composer Ragnar Grippe had relocated to Paris in the early 70’s to study at the famous Groupe de Recherches Musicales (more commonly known as GRM) founded by musique concrète pioneers Pierre Schaeffer, Pierre Henry and Jacques Poullin. Around the same time, Grippe had struck up a close friendship with French avant-garde minimalist Luc Ferrari. It was under Ferrari’s direction and guidance that the young Grippe started to build a shared experimental music studio, aptly named l’Atelier de la Libération Musicale (ALM), in which Ferrari shared his knowledge and instrumental supplies, thus forging Grippe’s implementation of harmonic tone within the confines of musique concrete. Following the release of his debut album, Sand, on the famed Shandar imprint, Grippe went on to produce countless electronic compositions and has continued to work extensively in the fields of film and television, creating a variety of soundtracks for Swedish National Broadcasting and numerous outlets of programming. While scoring works for the visual medium, Grippe has also released a number of well-received commercial albums such as "Electronic Compositions" and "Lost Secrets", as well as composing classical works for various dance theater groups.